Urbanization Challenges in Contemporary Russia

The contemporary trend of BRICs countries, Brazil, Russia, China, South Africa, and less so, India, from rural to urban nations can be observed as part of the overall transformation and growth of BRICs “rising powers”. The last hundred years of the urbanization process specifically in Russia has been characterized by significant shifts of rural to urban areas of population all over the country. This process has been accompanied by high concentration of industrial and energy production, which accumulated an administrative territorial system of cities (both small and large) with their own economic, environmental and social needs.